Install LAMP Server (Apache, MariaDB And PHP) On Fedora

Thứ bảy - 26/04/2014 23:35
LAMP is a combination of operating system and open-source software stack. The acronym LAMP is derived from the first letters of Linux, Apache HTTP Server, MySQL/MariaDB database, and PHP, Perl or Python.

nstall Apache

Apache is an open-source, multi-platform web server. It provides a full range of web server features including CGI, SSL and virtual domains.

Change to root user using the following command:

$ su

Enter the following command to install Apache:

# yum install httpd -y

Enable the httpd service to start automatically on every reboot:

# systemctl enable httpd.service

Start httpd service using the following command:

# systemctl start httpd.service

If you are encountered with the following error:

Job for httpd.service failed. See 'systemctl status httpd.service' and 'journalctl -xn' for details.

Delete all contents in your /etc/hostname file and add the word “localhost”. Also set localhost to the “Servername” value in /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf file and try again to start httpd service.

And adjust the firewall to allow the httpd service to connect with remote clients.

# firewall-cmd --permanent --add-service=http

Test Apache

Open up your browser and enter http://ip-address/ in the address bar. You will see the following Apache default page.

Fedora 19 desktop, 1 nic, internet, bridge, local repo [Running] - Oracle VM VirtualBox_004Install MariaDB

MariaDB is a drop in replacement for MySQL. It is a robust, scalable and reliable SQL server that comes rich set of enhancements. The default database in Fedora 19 is MariaDB.

Install it using the following command:

# yum install mariadb  mariadb-server

Enable MySQL service at boot time with following command:

# systemctl enable mysqld.service

And start MySQL service using command:

# systemctl start mysqld.service

Set MariaDB root password

By default MySQL root password is empty. So to prevent unauthorized access to MySQL, let us set a root user password:

# mysql_secure_installation 
/usr/bin/mysql_secure_installation: line 379: find_mysql_client: command not foundNOTE: RUNNING ALL PARTS OF THIS SCRIPT IS RECOMMENDED FOR ALL MariaDB      SERVERS IN PRODUCTION USE!  PLEASE READ EACH STEP CAREFULLY!In order to log into MariaDB to secure it, we'll need the currentpassword for the root user.  If you've just installed MariaDB, andyou haven't set the root password yet, the password will be blank,so you should just press enter here.Enter current password for root (enter for none): OK, successfully used password, moving on...Setting the root password ensures that nobody can log into the MariaDBroot user without the proper authorisation.You already have a root password set, so you can safely answer 'n'.Change the root password? [Y/n] yNew password: Re-enter new password: Password updated successfully!Reloading privilege tables.. ... Success!By default, a MariaDB installation has an anonymous user, allowing anyoneto log into MariaDB without having to have a user account created forthem.  This is intended only for testing, and to make the installationgo a bit smoother.  You should remove them before moving into aproduction environment.Remove anonymous users? [Y/n]  ... Success!Normally, root should only be allowed to connect from 'localhost'.  Thisensures that someone cannot guess at the root password from the network.Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n]  ... Success!By default, MariaDB comes with a database named 'test' that anyone canaccess.  This is also intended only for testing, and should be removedbefore moving into a production environment.Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n]  - Dropping test database...ERROR 1008 (HY000) at line 1: Can't drop database 'test'; database doesn't exist ... Failed!  Not critical, keep moving... - Removing privileges on test database... ... Success!Reloading the privilege tables will ensure that all changes made so farwill take effect immediately.Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n]  ... Success!Cleaning up...All done!  If you've completed all of the above steps, your MariaDBinstallation should now be secure.Thanks for using MariaDB!

Install PHP

PHP (recursive acronym for PHP: Hypertext Preprocessor) is a widely used open-source general purpose scripting language that is especially suited for web development and can be embedded into HTML.

Install PHP with following command:

# yum install php -y

Test PHP

Create a sample “testphp.php” file in Apache document root folder and append the lines as shown below:

# nano /var/www/html/testphp.php

Add the following lines:

<?phpphpinfo();?>

Restart httpd service:

# systemctl restart httpd.service

Test PHP

Navigate to http://server-ip-address/testphp.php. It will display all the details about PHP such as version, build date and commands etc.

Fedora 19 desktop, 1 nic, internet, bridge, local repo [Running] - Oracle VM VirtualBox_005Install PHP Modules

Search for the available PHP modules using the following command:

# yum search php

Now install the required modules, for example php-mysql, using the following command:

# yum install php-mysql -y

Restart the httpd service. To verify the modules, open your web browser and navigate to http://server-ip-address/testphp.php. You will able to see all PHP modules.

Fedora 19 desktop, 1 nic, internet, bridge, local repo [Running] - Oracle VM VirtualBox_006

That’s it. Start using LAMP on Fedora 19.

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